1.  General Information
    2. Important Information/ News updates!
    3. Upgrade Request
    4. Voice Com Rating
    5. Controller Ratings and Required Knowledge
    5.1 Tower Trainee(S1)
    5.2 Tower Controller (S2)
    5.3 TMA Controller (S3)
    5.4 Enroute Controller (C1)
    5.5 Senior Controller (C3)

    1. GENERAL INFORMATION This page will explain what you have to know, and which will be discussed during training sessions, as well as the requirements for the various Controller ratings. For the Student ratings there is no practical test. However, vACCs are free to make an easy practical test to evaluate the skill level of the applicants. For the Controller ratings, the practical tests may be split up in two or more sessions, as required. These requirements are basic VATEUD Requirements. Besides this, your VACC may adopt higher requirements. For every rating you will need a recommendation from your VACC. It could be that your VACC will issue training-sessions or tests (practical/theory) before issuing an upgrade recommendation to VATEUD. You must be registered with VATEUD, and you must also sign up with a VACC (if one exists in your area). Upgrades will not be possible if you have not stated a preferred VACC.

    2. IMPORTANT INFORMATION Before requesting an Upgrade, please first register as a VATEUD Member. This is a must. If you are not registered as a VATEUD member, you will not be recognized by the automated upgrade system, hence your Upgrade request will be rejected! A recommendation is needed for each rating-upgrade. Every VACC member can request an upgrade and proceed with the relevant test at any time, if the theory test has been passed then the actual rating upgrade will not be activated unless a recommendation has been approved by the respective VACC TD to which the member belongs. It is up to the VACC to either just issue a recommendation, or to conduct a local test (practical or theory) before a recommendation is given. If the member belongs to an European division where no VACC is established, the recommendation should be done by Chief Examiner or VATEUD Assistant Training Director or VATEUD Training Director. To issue a recommendation, you must be convinced that the member has the potential for the new rating. Register as a VATEUD Member now, and Specify your Division!

    3. UPGRADE REQUEST Before using the Upgrade Request link on this server, make sure you have read through, and fully understood, all applicable requirements. Failure to do so may result in a reject, or that you fail the test. Click HEREfor a short description of the ATSimTest system Your new rating will then be online 7 days, at most, after you have passed the theory test and your VACC have issued a recommendation.

    4. VOICE COM RATING There is no voice communications rating in effect in VATEUD. At this time all members are free to use voice as they see fit.

    • TOWER Trainee (S1) – TWR (subject to local restrictions)

    • TOWER Controller (S2) – TWR

    • TMA Controller (S3) – APP/DEP

    • ENROUTE Controller (C1) – CTR

    • Senior Controller (C3)

    For each of these ratings, except C3, the appropriate theory test must also be taken in ATSimTest.  

    5.1 Tower Trainee (S1)


    5.2 Tower Controller (S2)

    The following competencies are required to receive the Student 2 rating. At divisional level, there is no need for a formal Controller Practical Test to be held for the award of this rating. If appropriate, a vACC may enforce the requirement locally for CPTs so long as it can be justified. GENERAL:

  • Setup, Configure and Connect to the network
  • Demonstrates understanding of the ATS role
  • Displays service delivery awareness
  • Displays situational awareness
  • Manages communication priority
  • Uses correct phraseology
  • Manages Flight Strips, Tags and Flight Plans
  • Displays professional behavior and pleasant attitude


  • Coordinates with other ATC where required


  • Correctly identifies aircraft and applicable flight rule.
  • Applies basic altimetry
  • Issues appropriate clearance and departure instructions


  • Issues appropriate GND instructions where/when required
  • Correctly transfers aircraft to TWR where required


    • Selects suitable Duty/Active Runway
    • Generates ATIS
    • Issues appropriate TWR instructions where/when required
    • Issues takeoff clearances
    • Issues landing clearances
    • Applies correct runway separation
    • Handles missed approaches
    • Manages circuit traffic
    • Correctly transfers aircraft to next ATC unit

5.3 Approach and Departure (TMA) Controller (S3) TMA Controller (S3) – APP/DEP

The following competencies are required to receive the Student 3 (Approach/Departure) rating. At divisional level, there is no need for a formal Controller Practical Test to be held for the award of this rating. But a local Controller Practical Test is required to insure that competencies are fulfilled in accordance with VATEUD and Vatsim standards. These competencies are cumulative and the student must demonstrate compliance with all previous rating requirements. DEPARTURES:

  • Correctly identifies departing aircraft
  • Cancels SID and vectors aircraft for sequencing or separation
  • Issues amended ‘maintain’ level where necessary for positive separation
  • Correctly transfers aircraft to the Enroute controller


  • Ensures pilot is in receipt of correct ATIS information
  • Cancels STAR and vectors aircraft for sequencing or separation
  • Issues descent and provides runway assignment or reiteration
  • Provides position and distance to run to aircraft
  • Correctly positions aircraft for approach type
  • Correctly issues the approach clearance
  • Correctly transfers aircraft to the TWR controller


  • Verifies mode C level of aircraft when commencing radar service
  • Issues appropriate TMA instructions where/when required
  • Provides suitable vectors to aircraft when required
  • Initiates holding when necessary to regulate traffic flow
  • Adjusts aircraft speed or track to achieve sequence


  • Applies appropriate vertical separation between aircraft
  • Applies appropriate lateral separation between aircraft


  • Passes traffic information where required
  • Provides additional information or navigation service
  • Correctly processes aircraft entering CTA from Class G airspace
  • Correctly processes aircraft leaving CTA into Class G airspace
  • Implements flight following procedures when requested

5.4 Area or En-Route Controller (Controller) (C) ENROUTE Controller (C1) – CTR

The following competencies are required to receive the Controller 1 (Center) rating. This rating requires a divisional level formal Controller Practical Test to be held for the award of this rating. These competencies are cumulative and the student must demonstrate compliance with all previous rating requirements. TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT:

  • Issues appropriate CTR instructions where/when required
  • Applies advanced altimetry concepts
  • Provides suitable vectors to aircraft when required
  • Initiates holding when necessary to regulate traffic flow
  • Adjusts aircraft speed or track to achieve initial sequencing for arrival
  • Correctly transfers aircraft to next ATC unit


  • Provides separation service appropriate for class of airspace
  • Applies appropriate vertical separation between aircraft
  • Applies appropriate vertical separation to aircraft operating in the RVSM band
  • Applies time separation between aircraft in non-radar environment
  • Applies separation between aircraft in radar environment
  • Pre-emptively applies separation assurance to avoid rather than resolve conflicts


  • Provides traffic services appropriate for class of airspace
  • Provides additional information or navigation service
  • Issues airways clearance to aircraft entering CTA
  • Terminates services for aircraft leaving CTA
  • Issues STAR Clearance where necessary
  • Provides services appropriate to VFR aircraft

Practical test is required.

5.5 Senior Controller (SC) Senior Controller (C3)

Introduction According to VATSIM’s Global Rating Policy (GRP) no ATC position can require a higher rating than Enroute Controller (C1). However the Senior Controller rating C3, whilst not directly linked to an ATC position as such, is considered to be the highest controller rating recognizing the knowledge, skill and seniority that a member can achieve and one achieved, remains a permanent rating. Requirements

All members holding a C1 rating are eligible to apply for a promotion to C3 rating based on the following criteria. The member …
• … is C1 rated for at least one year.

• … must have completed 500 hours as a C1 on any ATC position.

• … must have served 75 hours as active ATC within the last 12 months.

• … is recommended for promotion by a vACC Director.

• … spent 20 hours as a mentor in a C1 position (acknowledged by vACC Director).

• … can prove that he/she has made a positive contribution to the development/promotion of student controllers in VATEUD.

• … has successfully passed a CPT (to be determined by at least two examiners, with at least one divisional examiner and at least one local examiner).

The appertaining Controller Practical Test (CPT) will focus on the following:
• Ability to service multiple airports/positions

• Ability to handle IFR and VFR flights sharing the same airspace

• Ability to handle abnormal situations

• Steady traffic-flow

• Traffic awareness

• Keeping “the big picture”

• Ability to coordinate with adjacent controllers

• Ability to use correct phraseology in English
  The Controller Practical Test (CPT) must be conducted on a CTR position. The Controller Practical Test (CPT) normally shall be conducted in VATSIM online environment, but also may be conducted in a Simulator Session. If a local vACC Training Department is unable to arrange the CPT within a reasonable timeframe after having been requested to do so by the member, the member can opt to forego the local Examiner conducting the CPT at a known field and request that a VATEUD examiner steps in and conducts the CPT (whose evaluation will be final) at a randomly chosen field. This divisional policy comes into force with its publication on the VATEUD website.

6.1 Transfers from IVAO

All transferring members are eligible to apply once for acceptance in the rating corresponding to their last rating held in IVAO for at least six months.

  • All IVAO members holding ACC (Center Controller)] level and above can apply for S3 Level.
  • All IVAO members holding APC (Approach Controller) level can apply for S2 level.
  • All IVAO members holding ADC (Aerodrome Controller) level can apply for S1 level.
  • Any IVAO member holding INS level or above wishing to transfer shall contact VATEUD4 directly. Since INS level is no controller rating but a functional rating a transfer shall usually take place to C1 level.

All transferring members will need to pass the relevant ATSimTest theory test for the target rating. The test can only be retaken twice after failing it.

The CPT for the targeted rating (and any rating level below if deemed necessary) will be conducted by the local vACC’s Training Department, as stipulated by Divisional Policy and the Global Rating Policy. The respective vACC must prove the candidate’s practical abilities for all rating levels up to and including the targeted rating, i.e. skills related to Controller Clients such as VRC or Euroscope. Practical Tests are to be conducted at the respective vACCs discretion.

For candidates with no official vACC, the VATEUD Training Department will assume responsibility for assessing the candidate’s proficiency.


In order to process a transfer application the followings are also required:

  • Recommendation or introduction from the relevant vACC Director.
  • Proof of IVAO Rating being claimed by the transferring member.


Refusal of transferring of the last hold rating in IVAO is at the discretion of VATEUD Training Department if the applicant…

  • … fails to submit evidence of the claimed IVAO rating.
  • … fails to meet the set rating requirements.
  • … proves to have bad VATSIM record.
  • … displays immature behavior.
  • … fails to understand and comply with the concepts of virtual controlling.
  • … fails to pass 3 consecutive tests.